There are quite a few Foundation techniques available and I feel it is always good to try out a few different ones to see which one suits you the best and gives you the desired results.
I love sharing tips and advice which is one of the reasons why I love offering Makeup Lessons.
Before you even start to think about applying your makeup the first thing you want to do is start off with a good base to work on. I would definitely recommend that you give your skin a good cleanse or even an exfoliation, your makeup will apply and look so much better on exfoliated skin which I would recommend you do once to twice a week.
In addition make sure you give your skin a good boost of hydration with some moisturiser and then apply a primer if you feel your skin needs one to help the makeup last though prepping your skin with a moisturiser suited to your skin type should eliminate the need for a primer.
For your foundation you need to decide on the type of coverage you would like to achieve. There are a few different types of coverage to consider, the options available is a sheer coverage, light, medium or full, making a decision will definitely comes down to personal preference. There are lots of foundations available on the market which fall into each of these categories so it will be pretty easy to pick up a product suitable for your needs.
When it comes to matching your foundation shade I tend to colour match to the chest as you will want to look uniformed and seamless. Our face and chest will never naturally be the same colour due to sun exposure so I would always recommend the chest being your starting point. The best way to judge your shade is to see which colour disappears into your chest with ease it will then be at this point you will know you have the correct shade for you.
Prior to foundation application if you notice you have any redness on your face you can colour correct by applying a green corrector in thin layers which will neutralise the redness. If you feel your skin is looking a bit dull and lifeless a purple corrector is your go to neutraliser. If like me you suffer from dark circles under the eyes pick a peach corrector or even orange if you feel the darkness is very severe.
There are many methods to applying your foundation, Fingers, Brushes, Sponges and Silicone Sponges. I would recommend that you play about with methods to see which one you prefer.
Fingers work great in that the warmth will help the foundation to seamlessly melt into your skin, you will find brushes can give either a high or sheer coverage depending on the type of foundation brush you buy. A stippling brush will give you less coverage whereas a buffing brush will give a fuller coverage.
Sponges tend to soak up the excess product so they are great if you have applied too much foundation, I tend to apply and blend foundation with a brush then go over the face with a damp sponge to really finalise the blending and to pick up any excess produce, however they also blend really well if you use just a sponge for the application from start to finish.
If you do decide to use a brush I would firstly start by pressing the foundation into your skin particularly around your nose where you are likely to have pores. Pressing the foundation onto your skin will work to fill in these areas, I usually apply a second layer which I then buff in circular motions into the skin.
When it comes to building the coverage I would recommend working in thin layers until you get the desired result you are looking for, it is always better to apply two / three thin layers rather than one thick layer as chances are you will struggle to blend it out and will end up looking cakey.
If you are choosing to use a damp sponge but would like to achieve a sheer coverage I would recommend using a swiping motion, however if you are looking for more coverage I would recommend pressing the product onto your skin using a press and roll method.
Regardless of what method you have used to apply your foundation I would always recommend finishing off by gently pressing your warm fingers over your face which will help the foundation to really blend together and be seamless.
When it comes to concealer I tend to do this after the foundation application as then you will see if anything needs a little extra attention. For me applying concealer first means you could be wasting product as your foundation could easily cover what you needed covering but it could also result with too much product on the skin and making you look too done up.
For finishing off and setting your foundation into place you could lightly powder it all into place with a loose or compact powder though go easy on how much you apply a light dusting is more than enough.
You could also or instead of powdering use a setting spray which will help the makeup last.
You will find different Makeup Artists have different methods and opinions but for me all of the above work.
I hope you go away with at least one tip that works for you but like anything it is trial and error to see which method suits you.